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    Al-Razi, honourable Iranian physician

    / 9th and 10th
    Iran - Al-Razi, honourable Iranian physician

    Overview:

    • Works: al-Hawi ,
    • Birthplace: Shahr-e Rey, near Tehran

    Al-Razi (Latin Rhazes) (854 -925), Iranian Muslim physician and writer, whose medical writings greatly influenced the Islamic world as well as Western Europe in the Middle Ages. Razi, full name Abu Bakr Muhammed ibn Zakariya al-Razi, was born and died in Shahr-e Rey, Iran, near Tehran. He wrote on almost every aspect of medicine.

    Among numerous medical works, Razi's most important was al-Hawi (The Comprehensive Book, or Liber continens, as it was known in medieval Europe), an enormous medical encyclopedia originally in 20 volumes, of which 10 have survived. It encompassed almost the whole of Greek, Syrian, and early Arabic medicine and included virtually every topic of medical importance.

    Razi's personal experiences and observations as a physician make the al-Hawi a landmark in the history of medicine. In his most famous work, Treatise on Smallpox and Measles, Razi gives the earliest known description of smallpox.

    Razi also made important contributions to alchemy and philosophy, although most of these works are lost. In what was an unusual opinion for his time, he argued for the continuous progress of the sciences, and thus disagreed with the followers of the Greek philosopher Aristotle; he regarded himself a disciple of the Greek philosopher Plato. Also unusual was his acceptance of an atomic theory of matter.

    Contributed By:Edward Grant


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    Patrimonito

    This workshop is designed according to the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme in order to give young people a chance to voice their concerns and to become involved in the protection of our common cultural and natural heritage. It seeks to encourage and enable tomorrow’s decision-makers to participate in heritage conservation and to respond to the continuing threats facing our World Heritage. The idea of involving young people in World Heritage preservation and promotion came as a response to Article 27 of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention). Furthermore, Patrimonito means 'small heritage' in Spanish and the character represents a young heritage guardian. Patrimonito has been widely adopted as the international mascot of the World Heritage Education Programme.
    Date: 29th December
    Number of trainees: 7
    Duration: 3 hours

    The workshop of "Patrimonito" was held on 29th of December. Participants arrived around 10:30 and they were welcomed by hot chocolate and Persian cup cakes. After a little introduction by trainers and trainees, the process started by making two groups and letting them choose a name for their group, each group was accompanied by a mentor then each group was given some images of world heritage sites in Iran and some descriptions, each group was asked to match images and descriptions, the mentor was guiding them throughout the activity. All trainees were participating actively and trying to remember their experiences about their travels to these places. When they were done with the activity, the mentors started giving the answers and a brief explanation about each site; mentors were using trainees’ ideas and experiences to complete their tasks.

    Shortly after that, the second part started which was a presentation done by two of mentors. The aim of this presentation was to define the value of these world heritage sites and duties of each person as a "Patrimonito", and what happens if there is no "Patrimonito" and nobody cares about our tangible or intangible heritage. In this part trainees started questioning and understanding the whole concept of being a "Patrimonito", they also added their own suggestions on how to protect our heritage and by the end of this part, they were completely aware about their role as a "Patrimonito".
    Now it was a best time to have a short break, during the break trainees were introduced to some of intangible heritages as they were served by traditional food and snacks and even they way of serving was according to traditions and everyone had this opportunity to discuss about intangible heritage while enjoying some traditional food and snacks.
    When the break was done, everyone was asked to choose a heritage either tangible or intangible and they had to introduce their chosen heritage to a tourist by making a postcard using what they have learnt. They were given all of necessary tools such as color papers, color pencils, glue, scissors, images of heritage and a mentor was with them in order to help them completing the task.

    When they were done, they handed out their postcards and with the mentors they sat together and spent a few minutes asking and answering about what they have learnt. Then they were told to say their vows for protecting their heritage and caring about it, the mentor said the vow and the trainees repeated after her and they officially became a "Patrimonito".

    The last but the best part was when they were given the certificates, and they were told that since they are aware of the value of the heritage and they know how to protect it, they are chosen as "Patrimonito" and they should continue their mission by introducing the value of heritage to others. They were granted certificates and labels and the workshop of "Patrimonito" was finished by taking some memorial photos.