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    Namakdan Salt Dome & Cave Qeshm,Iran

    Qeshm - Namakdan Salt Dome & Cave  Qeshm,Iran


    • Best Time to Visit: November to March
    • Working Hours: No limits
    • How to get there: To get to Namakdan Salt Dome, it takes more than 2.5 hours from Qeshm by car, via Kani village on the western part of the island. Staying in Tabl or Haft Rangoo village will shorten your journey.
    • Plan Your Visit: about 2 hours

    The Namakdan Salt Dome is located on the south western part of Qeshm Island. The Dome is academically well-known for its world-longest 6.8km salt cave, named Namakdan Cave.


    Salt domes are formed when a huge amount of salt moves towards the earth’s surface due to its light structures compared to its surrounding structures. Salt domes emerge in areas which have weak structures and openings, and finally float on the earth surface. The structure of Qeshm Island itself was mainly shaped in diluvial epoch which means relatively new, on the other hand The Salt Dome was created in Precambrian period, approximately 540 million years ago.
    After exposition to the surface, rainwater gradually penetrates the Salt Dome through its crevices, allowing the water dissolve the salt and enter the dome. Similar to other calcareous caves of the world, the formation of the Salt Cave has been following a Karst-like mechanism, by which water penetrating through a joint way gradually dissolve the surrounding areas, forming open and large cave-like structures. As the dissolution process is not the same for all areas, size and shape of these caves and openings differ, giving rise to large and open spaces in some area, while in some area very narrow corridors are formed where only one person may get through the cave by crawling. By knowing these geological process, the visit to the Salt Dome would be much more significant.



    There are more than 15 caves in the Salt Dome. Tourists are welcome to visit caves’ entrances. Around caves saline land and various geological phenomena can be seen. Most of the natural landscapes are in while by salt, with geological structures composed of various layers of colorful minerals and stones. The landscapes are formed by salt springs after washing the salt from the dome while raining, and deposition of the salt at the bottom of valleys and surrounding lands. In some areas where water has penetrated to the ground, beautiful ponds with salt crystals at the bottom have been formed. Other attractions include trekking paths to the top of the Salt Dome, where vast grassland and small forests exists unlike other part of the island and herbs of wild gazelles inhabit.

    Layers of salt deposited on the bottom and surrounding of canyons  and spectacular ponds with crystalized salt on their bottoms can be observed. Also, there are trekking trails which lead to the top of the Dome. On the top there are large grasslands and small forests, which cannot be seen elsewhere in the island, and  herds of Gazelles are inhabited there.



    Inside the caves are completely dark and you have to bright flashlight in order to visit crystalline salts. The ceiling has been covered by marble and crystal in different forms and they have created a novel perspective. Salt water flowing on the floor of the cave is also a pleasant view.

    Ordinary people only can travel 100 meters into the cave due to lack of technical equipments.


    Notes & Recommendations:

    1.It is believed that breathing the air of caves should be beneficial for people suffering from respiratory diseases and asthma.

    2. company of experienced guides is highly recommended.

    3. Chartering 4WD is recommended, since roads are unpaved in southwestern part of the Island.

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    This workshop is designed according to the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme in order to give young people a chance to voice their concerns and to become involved in the protection of our common cultural and natural heritage. It seeks to encourage and enable tomorrow’s decision-makers to participate in heritage conservation and to respond to the continuing threats facing our World Heritage. The idea of involving young people in World Heritage preservation and promotion came as a response to Article 27 of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention). Furthermore, Patrimonito means 'small heritage' in Spanish and the character represents a young heritage guardian. Patrimonito has been widely adopted as the international mascot of the World Heritage Education Programme.
    Date: 29th December
    Number of trainees: 7
    Duration: 3 hours

    The workshop of "Patrimonito" was held on 29th of December. Participants arrived around 10:30 and they were welcomed by hot chocolate and Persian cup cakes. After a little introduction by trainers and trainees, the process started by making two groups and letting them choose a name for their group, each group was accompanied by a mentor then each group was given some images of world heritage sites in Iran and some descriptions, each group was asked to match images and descriptions, the mentor was guiding them throughout the activity. All trainees were participating actively and trying to remember their experiences about their travels to these places. When they were done with the activity, the mentors started giving the answers and a brief explanation about each site; mentors were using trainees’ ideas and experiences to complete their tasks.

    Shortly after that, the second part started which was a presentation done by two of mentors. The aim of this presentation was to define the value of these world heritage sites and duties of each person as a "Patrimonito", and what happens if there is no "Patrimonito" and nobody cares about our tangible or intangible heritage. In this part trainees started questioning and understanding the whole concept of being a "Patrimonito", they also added their own suggestions on how to protect our heritage and by the end of this part, they were completely aware about their role as a "Patrimonito".
    Now it was a best time to have a short break, during the break trainees were introduced to some of intangible heritages as they were served by traditional food and snacks and even they way of serving was according to traditions and everyone had this opportunity to discuss about intangible heritage while enjoying some traditional food and snacks.
    When the break was done, everyone was asked to choose a heritage either tangible or intangible and they had to introduce their chosen heritage to a tourist by making a postcard using what they have learnt. They were given all of necessary tools such as color papers, color pencils, glue, scissors, images of heritage and a mentor was with them in order to help them completing the task.

    When they were done, they handed out their postcards and with the mentors they sat together and spent a few minutes asking and answering about what they have learnt. Then they were told to say their vows for protecting their heritage and caring about it, the mentor said the vow and the trainees repeated after her and they officially became a "Patrimonito".

    The last but the best part was when they were given the certificates, and they were told that since they are aware of the value of the heritage and they know how to protect it, they are chosen as "Patrimonito" and they should continue their mission by introducing the value of heritage to others. They were granted certificates and labels and the workshop of "Patrimonito" was finished by taking some memorial photos.