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    Sha’r Bafi Yazd, Iran

    Yazd - Sha’r Bafi    Yazd, Iran


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    In the dialect of Yazd, the textile profession is still called sha’r Bafi. One of the main reasons why Yazd citizens became interested in this business is the shortage of water, stagnating agriculture as well as the commercial Silk Road passing through the city.



    Sha’r Bafi or fabric weaving got variety of fields but the basis of the weavers is a wooden instrument, which depending on the work requirement is built in different sizes but their basic design consists of two rollers, several pedals (padding), comb, vard, small and large shafts which have particular names at various locations. In the old days, you could hear the voice of these machines weaving while passing the mud made covered passages (Sabbats) of Yazd. At first, it was women working on these machines and most probably the idea of making such a machine came from housewives of Yazd, later men began to work on them in workshops. Sha’r Bafi got some different fields including: Termeh (Cashmere), Zari (Brocade), Makhmal (velvet), Shamad and some others.

    Sha'r is a type of very fine and delicate traditional tissue in the ancient textile industry which is locally called Joulaee. Sha'r means fine and delicate hair and Sha'r Baf is a person who weaves strands of hair or silk. Weaving these types of silk cloths has been prevailed in Kashan and weaving its woolen and cotton type in Isfahan and Yazd. One cannot determine a certain date for the emergence of this artifact; however, with regard to the peculiarities and simplicity of its weaving we can assume the beginning of Sha’r Bafi the same as that of silk weaving. In fact, Sha’r Bafi like other types of weaving has a long history. It is originally the same as cloth weaving except that the Iranian weaver with his special artistic taste has made a few changes in the wooden loom and fibers proportional to the needs of that time, producing a very fine and delicate cloth named Sha'r.



    The point of difference of these traditional tissues is their simple weaving method, which has no special and complicated design. The striped sha’r is woven for men in black and white with a width of 2 m and a length of 1.5 m, and the simple sha’r is woven for ladies in mauve, dark red, black, yellow, dark purple, green and pink with a width and length of 2 m. Although this type of tissue has been used a lot in the past, but today it is used only among Kurdish people as head-band and shawl in their traditional clothes. In some cases, these products are exported to Kurdish regions of Iraq and southern Turkey. Of the special peculiarities of this hand-woven silk tissue is its resistance against humidity, because silk is very resistant against moisture and absorbs humidity to itself.


    About Us

    The word Persia gives the image of a magical and mysterious land of far away and long ago, of ancient monuments and beautiful works of art – carpets, tiles, fine ceramics and miniatures. It also reminds us of legendary and tragic love stories and epic poems about great wars. And Persia is indeed a world ancient and contemporary, a bridge between heaven and earth. We want to show you around. Discover things to do on your next trip to Iran and plan a trip of your lifetime. Yes, it is that easy! This website gives you the tools to plan your trip to Iran: detailed information on destinations; inspiring ideas on what to see and do in each city; where to stay; where to eat; travel guides and let’s say everything you need so you can dream up a trip to Iran.


    This workshop is designed according to the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme in order to give young people a chance to voice their concerns and to become involved in the protection of our common cultural and natural heritage. It seeks to encourage and enable tomorrow’s decision-makers to participate in heritage conservation and to respond to the continuing threats facing our World Heritage. The idea of involving young people in World Heritage preservation and promotion came as a response to Article 27 of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention). Furthermore, Patrimonito means 'small heritage' in Spanish and the character represents a young heritage guardian. Patrimonito has been widely adopted as the international mascot of the World Heritage Education Programme.
    Date: 29th December
    Number of trainees: 7
    Duration: 3 hours

    The workshop of "Patrimonito" was held on 29th of December. Participants arrived around 10:30 and they were welcomed by hot chocolate and Persian cup cakes. After a little introduction by trainers and trainees, the process started by making two groups and letting them choose a name for their group, each group was accompanied by a mentor then each group was given some images of world heritage sites in Iran and some descriptions, each group was asked to match images and descriptions, the mentor was guiding them throughout the activity. All trainees were participating actively and trying to remember their experiences about their travels to these places. When they were done with the activity, the mentors started giving the answers and a brief explanation about each site; mentors were using trainees’ ideas and experiences to complete their tasks.

    Shortly after that, the second part started which was a presentation done by two of mentors. The aim of this presentation was to define the value of these world heritage sites and duties of each person as a "Patrimonito", and what happens if there is no "Patrimonito" and nobody cares about our tangible or intangible heritage. In this part trainees started questioning and understanding the whole concept of being a "Patrimonito", they also added their own suggestions on how to protect our heritage and by the end of this part, they were completely aware about their role as a "Patrimonito".
    Now it was a best time to have a short break, during the break trainees were introduced to some of intangible heritages as they were served by traditional food and snacks and even they way of serving was according to traditions and everyone had this opportunity to discuss about intangible heritage while enjoying some traditional food and snacks.
    When the break was done, everyone was asked to choose a heritage either tangible or intangible and they had to introduce their chosen heritage to a tourist by making a postcard using what they have learnt. They were given all of necessary tools such as color papers, color pencils, glue, scissors, images of heritage and a mentor was with them in order to help them completing the task.

    When they were done, they handed out their postcards and with the mentors they sat together and spent a few minutes asking and answering about what they have learnt. Then they were told to say their vows for protecting their heritage and caring about it, the mentor said the vow and the trainees repeated after her and they officially became a "Patrimonito".

    The last but the best part was when they were given the certificates, and they were told that since they are aware of the value of the heritage and they know how to protect it, they are chosen as "Patrimonito" and they should continue their mission by introducing the value of heritage to others. They were granted certificates and labels and the workshop of "Patrimonito" was finished by taking some memorial photos.