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    Zilu Weaving Yazd, Iran

    Meybod - Zilu Weaving     Yazd, Iran

    Overview:

    One of the most important industries of Yazd is rug making. Ziloo is a sort of rug, which is involved with the local life in a way that at the moment there are over 65000 scaffolds in Yazd being worked by over 130000 weaver. This tradition backs to very old days and the art of making Ziloo came chest to chest to the recent days.

    Ziloo is one of the oldest types of handmade carpets in Iran and has been woven in Meybod (55 km to Yazd) from many years ago. This carpet has proven to be one of the most suitable and most enduring floor coverings, especially in desert areas.

     

     

    Famous names in this hand-made traditional industry include: Naftal, Parte Ture, Zolfak, Rokneduni, small eight-sided and large eight-sided Ziloos, Banrumi and Kelid. The oldest Ziloo dating back to many centuries ago is presently available for visiting in Congregational Mosque of Meibod.

    Ziloo is herbal and it has some important characteristics that are so advantageous for human environment and health. Despite of other Iranian handmade carpets, which are woven of wool, Ziloo is totally herbal (100 percent).

    Features of Ziloo:

    1- Its yarns are made of cotton and its colors are achieved from herbals, for example:

    • Red is achieved from madder
    • Blue is from indigo  
    • Yellow is from saffron and pomegranate peel

    Brown is from tobacco and walnut

    2- Because of cotton and these herbs, Ziloo is called "health carpet"

    3- It doesn’t cause static electricity  

    There is no electricity charge in Ziloo and its static electricity is zero. Therefore, it is the best and the most healthy carpet for using in houses and environments.

    4- Ziloo doesn’t produce aerosols

    Ziloo doesn’t have lint, so it doesn’t produce aerosols. It is good for children, elders and the ones with respiratory disease.

    5- Ziloo doesn’t cause skin allergy

    As its yarns are made of herbs, cellulosic materials are completely natural.

    6- Ziloo has been inherited

    Because of its special texture and durable yarns, we have some Ziloo that belong to 1386 AD. In Meybod.

    7- Ziloo is recyclable

    After many years of using Ziloo, when it is rotten, it can be buried as fertilizer because of its cellulosic yarns.  

    8- Ziloo does not slide on flat surface

    9- Ziloo has various motifs 

    There are more than 200 patterns which can be woven and they belong to the ancient Persia.

     

     

    Ziloo weaving is a hard work:

    The common weavers of Ziloo are men. In past, just men wove ziloo because its device is very big and its weaving is so hard and needs lots of strength and energy. Nowadays, women also weave Ziloo in smaller size.

    A Ziloo weaver should move about 13 km along the width for weaving a 6-meter Ziloo and lift more than 1400 kg weight.

     

     

    Most people can tell the difference between Ziloo and Kilim, since the two hand-woven products have major differences in their raw materials and in their weaving styles.

    There are complicated weaving techniques in Ziloo, ones that are rarely seen in Kilim, or in any other hand-woven product. Ziloo, since it is made of cotton, suits an agricultural and village lifestyle perfectly, whereas Kilim is more adaptable to livestock farming and nomadic lifestyles.

    Kilim is made of wool, and thus is suitable for cold regions. Ziloo, with cotton thread as its base material, is more appropriate for hot regions, especially on the borders of the desert. It seems, however, that Ziloo weaving is at a more developed stage than Kilim.

    Ziloo mainly uses geometric patterns, and sometimes the designs take the form of inscribed tablets.

    Contrary to other Iranian carpet types, Ziloo has a limited variety of colors. The colors which are used, like those in other regions, were locally produced.

     

     

    Generally, Ziloo is categorized into three types based on color and function. White and blue ones are mainly used in mosques and holy places. The red and blue ones are used inside houses, also known as Johari, while green and red ones called Naftal are of the highest quality.


    About Us

    The word Persia gives the image of a magical and mysterious land of far away and long ago, of ancient monuments and beautiful works of art – carpets, tiles, fine ceramics and miniatures. It also reminds us of legendary and tragic love stories and epic poems about great wars. And Persia is indeed a world ancient and contemporary, a bridge between heaven and earth. We want to show you around. Discover things to do on your next trip to Iran and plan a trip of your lifetime. Yes, it is that easy! This website gives you the tools to plan your trip to Iran: detailed information on destinations; inspiring ideas on what to see and do in each city; where to stay; where to eat; travel guides and let’s say everything you need so you can dream up a trip to Iran.

    Patrimonito

    This workshop is designed according to the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme in order to give young people a chance to voice their concerns and to become involved in the protection of our common cultural and natural heritage. It seeks to encourage and enable tomorrow’s decision-makers to participate in heritage conservation and to respond to the continuing threats facing our World Heritage. The idea of involving young people in World Heritage preservation and promotion came as a response to Article 27 of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention). Furthermore, Patrimonito means 'small heritage' in Spanish and the character represents a young heritage guardian. Patrimonito has been widely adopted as the international mascot of the World Heritage Education Programme.
    Date: 29th December
    Number of trainees: 7
    Duration: 3 hours

    The workshop of "Patrimonito" was held on 29th of December. Participants arrived around 10:30 and they were welcomed by hot chocolate and Persian cup cakes. After a little introduction by trainers and trainees, the process started by making two groups and letting them choose a name for their group, each group was accompanied by a mentor then each group was given some images of world heritage sites in Iran and some descriptions, each group was asked to match images and descriptions, the mentor was guiding them throughout the activity. All trainees were participating actively and trying to remember their experiences about their travels to these places. When they were done with the activity, the mentors started giving the answers and a brief explanation about each site; mentors were using trainees’ ideas and experiences to complete their tasks.

    Shortly after that, the second part started which was a presentation done by two of mentors. The aim of this presentation was to define the value of these world heritage sites and duties of each person as a "Patrimonito", and what happens if there is no "Patrimonito" and nobody cares about our tangible or intangible heritage. In this part trainees started questioning and understanding the whole concept of being a "Patrimonito", they also added their own suggestions on how to protect our heritage and by the end of this part, they were completely aware about their role as a "Patrimonito".
    Now it was a best time to have a short break, during the break trainees were introduced to some of intangible heritages as they were served by traditional food and snacks and even they way of serving was according to traditions and everyone had this opportunity to discuss about intangible heritage while enjoying some traditional food and snacks.
    When the break was done, everyone was asked to choose a heritage either tangible or intangible and they had to introduce their chosen heritage to a tourist by making a postcard using what they have learnt. They were given all of necessary tools such as color papers, color pencils, glue, scissors, images of heritage and a mentor was with them in order to help them completing the task.

    When they were done, they handed out their postcards and with the mentors they sat together and spent a few minutes asking and answering about what they have learnt. Then they were told to say their vows for protecting their heritage and caring about it, the mentor said the vow and the trainees repeated after her and they officially became a "Patrimonito".

    The last but the best part was when they were given the certificates, and they were told that since they are aware of the value of the heritage and they know how to protect it, they are chosen as "Patrimonito" and they should continue their mission by introducing the value of heritage to others. They were granted certificates and labels and the workshop of "Patrimonito" was finished by taking some memorial photos.