Geno is a region with a unique mountainous terrain, northwest of the Persian Gulf port of Bandar Abbas, which has its own peculiar vegetation in addition to abundant ecological values.
It is a protected area spread over 27,500 hectares and is located in southern Iran, northwest of the Persian Gulf port of Bandar Abbas. Its closeness to various civilian areas has added to its importance.
The Geno protected area derives its name from the 34 km long and 5-to-15 km wide mountain range of the same name that covers 350 square kilometers. The regions south and east of the Geno Mountain Range are mostly lowlands while to the north and west are high altitude plains. The highest peak in the Geno Mountains towers 2,347 above sea level.
The Geno Mountain Range is located south east of the Zagros Mountain Range and has a mild weather. The mountain range divides the region into different ecological areas. On the southern side adjacent to the Persian Gulf are plains and on the northern side is an arid semi-desert region. The region has contrasting temperatures depending on the altitude. In summer when the temperature in the lowlands soars to over 40 degrees centigrade, the mountain peaks of Geno have a pleasant weather of 26 degrees.
This temperature difference and the ecosystem diversity have made the region an ideal place for recreation.
The Geno protected area has plenty of water sources. There are at least 40 springs in the region, which provide the water needs of the wild life throughout the year. Some of these springs are used by the local villagers for farming and for drinking water. The area abounds in citrus gardens and palm trees. Geno's geysers or hot water springs are also famous for their healing effects. These springs attract the local people and tourists and every year many people travel to the area to for treatment of their ailments. The hot springs of Geno are located in a green area with high and low plains, palm tress, and picturesque spots. If planned very well, the region can become one of the main tourist attractions of Iran.
It is worth knowing that the Geno protected area is exclusive in terms of vegetation since it has a wide variety of plants that thrive in different climatic conditions. Thus it is the only known place in Iran, which could be called a botanical treasure trove.
it is also interesting to note that the Geno protected area possesses an outstanding diversity of plain and mountain wild life. Goat, hyena, wolf, fox and jackal are among the important mammals of this region.
A special kind of fish named Aphanius Quinois is also exclusive to Geno's hot water springs and has not been seen in other parts of the world.
Of course, there are plenty of reptiles in this region because of the hot and dry geographical conditions.