Shidvar Island, with an area of 80 hectares lies southeast of Lavan Island and is part of Hormozgan Province, in the Persian Gulf.The name Shetor or Shotor in Persian means Camel.
This island has been reported as one of the most important nesting sites of sea turtles in Iran, especially the Hawksbill Turtles. It was designated as a wildlife refuge in 1971. In addition, due to its importance as a nesting site for migratory bird species, the island was nominated in 2000 as Iran's 20th international wetland site. The local name for Shidvar Island is Marou, which means "island with too many snakes." A snake species on the island is the Viper.
Although no one lives on Shidvar Island, the adjacent island, Lavan, with an area of about 76 sq km , is notable because of its refinery, gas and oil exploitation and transportation infrastructure. Apart from the related staff, some local people are living there as well. These people are engaged in fishing and sea transportation activities.
On Shidvar Island the nesting season for turtles begins in March and ends in June. The eastern and northern beaches of the island are sandy and suitable for the nesting of turtles. The eastern part of the island is smooth and flat, but the northern part is composed of both gradient and less gradient beaches and is rocky in some places. The height of the dunes in this part of the island is approximately two meters.
In view of low rainfall, the soil on Shidvar is mostly sandy. However, there are quite a few species ofSample Image plants on the island. The vegetation in the eastern and central areas is dense and therefore difficult to pass through, and this part is the important nesting site of the turtles. The main bird species nesting on Shidvar are the Lesser Crested Tern, Crested Tern, and Bridled Tern. This island is considered one of the most important breeding areas for these migratory birds, which begin laying eggs in June.
The eastern beaches, with a length of one km and the northern part, with a length of about two km, are used by Hawksbill Turtles. It could be said, Shidvar Island has high potential for conservational activities, which in turn could play a positive role in the conservation of the regional population of Hawksbills. This assessment stems from the fact that Shidvar Island is not residential and is uninhabited; the adjacent island has a very low population; and there are no natural predators, such as mammals.
The sea bed around Shidvar Island is covered with shells, sea stars and some other forms of marine life due to its shallow depth. Waters around the island have been an excellent place for hunting pearls since ancient times. Visiting Shidvar Island is only possible through official permission since it is a protected area.