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    Maharloo Lake

    Shiraz - Maharloo Lake


    • Best Time to Visit: May to October, Early in the morning or before sunset
    • Plan Your Visit: 1hour

    Maharloo Lake, also known as Daryache-ye-Namak by the locals, is a seasonal and  picturesque, salt lake  27.0 km (16.8 mi) southeast of Shiraz and west of Bakhtegan Lake in Fars province. The name of this lake is taken from the name of Maharlu village where is located in its neighborhood and the old part of Maharlu village has been located in coastal part of the lake. The area of this lake is different in various seasons and it is depend on atmospheric precipitation.The lake is located in altitude of 1460 meters above the sea level and its water is very salty. The lake salt is rich in potassium and other salts.

    Rudkhane-ye-Khoshk, a seasonal river flowing through the city of Shiraz, brings most of the flood water to the lake bed during intensive precipitation events. Maximum depth of this lake is 3meters so its amount of evaporation is high and this cause a part of lakebed to be covered with a layer of salt, of course the existence of chalky sediments of sachun formation and two salt domes in the east of the lake have considerably effect on its extreme saltiness.The lake water typically evaporates by the end of summer and exposes the white lake bed. By mid-summer and due to high evaporation rates and salt concentrations, the lake water turns pinkish red as a result of the red tide within the lake.

    The type of the water of this lake is sodium chloride- magnesium and sodium sulfate and in the dry seasons it is considered as one of great salt mines in Iran.

    In addition to atmospheric precipitation, the nourishment supply of the lake are three rivers of dry Nubian, Hamza and Sarvistan, and runoffs of neighborhood mountains which pure to this lake from northwest and southeast.

    One of the wonders of Maharlu Lake is changing its color into red. Coming down of the lake’s water and increasing of water saltiness cause preparing conditions for growth of a kind of algae which its name is “Red Tide”.

    This algae is resistance to the salinity of the water and whatever its salinity increased, the growth of this algae will increase. Flamingo is the most important bird species of this lake. Common Shelduck (Tanjeh), Mallard, Green sandpiper (Abchalik), Chukar and Ruddy Shelduck (Anghot) is other names of the birds in Maharlu Lake. The lake is also used for preparing of industry salt of Fars province. Maharlu Lake due to neighboring with metropolitan of Shiraz, is one of tourist and promenade areas.

    Fish cannot survive in this lake due to its high salinity. The most important animals, which live in the vicinity of this lake, are flamingos, ducks, common Shelduck, Mallard, sandpiper, Chouka and ruddy Shelduck.


    Notes & Recommendations:

    About 30 min drive from Siraz

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    This workshop is designed according to the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme in order to give young people a chance to voice their concerns and to become involved in the protection of our common cultural and natural heritage. It seeks to encourage and enable tomorrow’s decision-makers to participate in heritage conservation and to respond to the continuing threats facing our World Heritage. The idea of involving young people in World Heritage preservation and promotion came as a response to Article 27 of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention). Furthermore, Patrimonito means 'small heritage' in Spanish and the character represents a young heritage guardian. Patrimonito has been widely adopted as the international mascot of the World Heritage Education Programme.
    Date: 29th December
    Number of trainees: 7
    Duration: 3 hours

    The workshop of "Patrimonito" was held on 29th of December. Participants arrived around 10:30 and they were welcomed by hot chocolate and Persian cup cakes. After a little introduction by trainers and trainees, the process started by making two groups and letting them choose a name for their group, each group was accompanied by a mentor then each group was given some images of world heritage sites in Iran and some descriptions, each group was asked to match images and descriptions, the mentor was guiding them throughout the activity. All trainees were participating actively and trying to remember their experiences about their travels to these places. When they were done with the activity, the mentors started giving the answers and a brief explanation about each site; mentors were using trainees’ ideas and experiences to complete their tasks.

    Shortly after that, the second part started which was a presentation done by two of mentors. The aim of this presentation was to define the value of these world heritage sites and duties of each person as a "Patrimonito", and what happens if there is no "Patrimonito" and nobody cares about our tangible or intangible heritage. In this part trainees started questioning and understanding the whole concept of being a "Patrimonito", they also added their own suggestions on how to protect our heritage and by the end of this part, they were completely aware about their role as a "Patrimonito".
    Now it was a best time to have a short break, during the break trainees were introduced to some of intangible heritages as they were served by traditional food and snacks and even they way of serving was according to traditions and everyone had this opportunity to discuss about intangible heritage while enjoying some traditional food and snacks.
    When the break was done, everyone was asked to choose a heritage either tangible or intangible and they had to introduce their chosen heritage to a tourist by making a postcard using what they have learnt. They were given all of necessary tools such as color papers, color pencils, glue, scissors, images of heritage and a mentor was with them in order to help them completing the task.

    When they were done, they handed out their postcards and with the mentors they sat together and spent a few minutes asking and answering about what they have learnt. Then they were told to say their vows for protecting their heritage and caring about it, the mentor said the vow and the trainees repeated after her and they officially became a "Patrimonito".

    The last but the best part was when they were given the certificates, and they were told that since they are aware of the value of the heritage and they know how to protect it, they are chosen as "Patrimonito" and they should continue their mission by introducing the value of heritage to others. They were granted certificates and labels and the workshop of "Patrimonito" was finished by taking some memorial photos.