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    Arg-e Bam (ارگ بم) - Kerman Province, Iran

    / 6th to 4th centuries BC
    Bam - Arg-e Bam (ارگ بم) - Kerman Province, Iran

    Overview:

    • Price: 10 $
    • Best Time to Visit: September ~ June
    • Working Hours: 8:00 to 19:00
    • How to get there: First you can take a ticket to Bam Air port, Then you can take a taxi there is 11 km (20 Min) distance from Air Port
    • Plan Your Visit: 8 Hours (at Least)

    The Arg-e Bam ( ارگ بم‎‎) located in Bam (Kerman Province, southeastern Iran) .

    It was the largest adobe building in the world in 180,000 m2 (1,900,000 sq ft)

    Registered in UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Site "Bam and its Cultural Landscape". The origin of this enormous citadel on the Silk Road can be traced back to the Achaemenid Empire (sixth to fourth centuries BC) and even beyond.

    UNESCO (http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1208) :

    “Bam and its Cultural Landscape

    Bam is situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid period (6th to 4th centuries BC). Its heyday was from the 7th to 11th centuries, being at the crossroads of important trade routes and known for the production of silk and cotton garments. The existence of life in the oasis was based on the underground irrigation canals, the qanāts, of which Bam has preserved some of the earliest evidence in Iran. Arg-e Bam is the most representative example of a fortified medieval town built in vernacular technique using mud layers (Chineh ).

    Description: Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
    Copyright: © Sacred Sites
    Author: Martin Gray

    In French

    Bam et son paysage culturel

    Bam et son paysage culturel s’inscrivent dans un environnement désertique, à la lisière sud du haut plateau iranien. On peut retracer les origines de Bam jusqu’à la période achéménide (VIe au IVe siècle av. J.-C.). Située au carrefour d’importantes routes marchandes et réputée pour la production de soie et de vêtements de coton, elle connut son apogée du VIIe au XIe siècle. La vie dans l’oasis reposait sur les canaux d’irrigation souterrains, les qanāts, dont Bam a préservé quelques-uns des plus anciens en Iran. Arg-e Bam est l’exemple le plus représentatif d’une ville médiévale fortifiée construite selon une technique vernaculaire, à l’aide de couches de terre (chineh).

    Description: Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
    Copyright: © CRA-terre
    Author: Hubert Guillaud

    In Spanish

    Bam y su paisaje cultural

    La ciudad de Bam está situada en una región desértica del extremo sur de la meseta iraní y sus orígenes se remontan al periodo aqueménida (siglos VI al IV a.C.). Situada en una encrucijada de rutas comerciales y reputada por su producción de tejidos de seda y algodón, conoció su máximo apogeo entre los siglos VII y XI d.C. Bam creció en un oasis creado gracias a los qanats, canales de riego subterráneos, de los que ha conservado algunos de los más antiguos de todo el Irán. El sitio comprende la ciudad fortificada medieval de Arg-e-Bam, que es el ejemplo más representativo de conjunto arquitectónico de este tipo construido con una técnica autóctona de apilamiento de capas de adobe (chineh).

     

    In Russian

    Город Бам и его культурные ландшафты

    Город Бам расположен в пустынной местности, на южной оконечности возвышенного Иранского плато. Основание Бама может быть отнесено к периоду власти Ахеменидов, т.е. к VI-IV вв. до н.э. Его наивысший расцвет, пришедшийся на VII-XI вв. н.э., был обусловлен расположением на перекрестке важных торговых путей и производством шелковых и хлопковых изделий. Жизнь в оазисе поддерживалась благодаря подземным оросительным каналам («канатам»), причем каналы Бама являются старейшими в Иране. Цитадель древнего города Арк-э-Бам – это наиболее наглядный пример укрепленного средневекового города, построенного по местным технологиям с использованием глинобитных материалов – «чинех».

     

    In Dutch

    Cultuurlandschap van Bam

    Bam ligt in een woestijnomgeving aan de zuidelijke rand van de Iraanse hoogvlakte. Haar oorsprong is terug te voeren naar de Achaemenidische periode (6e tot 4e eeuw voor Christus). De stad beleefde haar hoogtepunt in de 7e tot 11e eeuw – door haar ligging op het kruispunt van belangrijke handelsroutes. Bam stond bekend om de productie van zijden en katoenen kleding. Het leven in de oase was gebaseerd op ondergrondse irrigatiekanalen (qanāts) waarvan in Bam een aantal van de vroegste vondsten bewaard zijn gebleven. Arg-e Bam is het meest representatieve voorbeeld van een versterkte middeleeuwse stad, gebouwd met een inheemse techniek die gebruikmaakte van modderlagen (Chineh). In 2003 verwoestte een aardbeving de stad, de restauratie zal nog jaren in beslag nemen.

    Description: Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
    Copyright: © Sacred Sites
    Author: Martin Gray

    In Japanees

    バムとその文化的景観

    バムは、イラン高原の南端に広がる砂漠地帯に位置する町。アケメネス朝時代(紀元前6~前4世紀)に始まるバムの全盛期は7~11世紀で、交易ルートの交差路、絹や綿製品の生産地として知られていた。

    Description: Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
    Copyright: © CRA-terre
    Author: Hubert Guillaud

    In Chinese

    巴姆城及其文化景观

    巴姆地处伊朗高原东南边缘的沙漠环境中。它的起源可以追溯到波斯阿赫美尼德王朝(公元前6世纪到公元前4世纪)。巴姆古城地处重要的贸易路线十字路口,以生产丝绸和棉制服装而闻名于世。公元7世纪到公元11世纪时,达到鼎盛时期。沙漠绿洲中生命的存在依赖地下灌溉渠(qanāts),对此,巴姆古城保留了一些伊朗最早的证据。巴姆城堡是使用本地的泥土技术修建中世纪要塞城镇的代表性范例。

     

    Description: Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
    Copyright: © Sacred Sites

    Description: Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
    Copyright: © Sacred Sites
    Author: Martin Gray

    In Arabic

    بام ومشهدها الثقافي

    تقع بام ومشهدها الثقافي في بيئة صحراوية على الطرف الجنوبي للهضبة الإيرانية. ويمكن العودة بجذور بام حتى الحقبة الأخيمينية (القرن السادس إلى القرن الرابع ق.م.). وإذ كانت تقع على مفترق طرق تجارية هامة وتعرَف بإنتاج الحرير والملابس القطنية، عرفت أوج ازدهارها من القرن السابع إلى القرن الحادي عشر. وكانت الحياة في الواحة ترتكز على قنوات الريّ الجوفية التي حافظت بام على بعض من أقدمها في إيران. وتشكل "أرق إي بام" مثالاً عن مدينة القرون الوسطى المحصّنة والمبنية حسب تقنية محلية بواسطة طبقات من التربة (الشينة).”

    Description: Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
    Copyright: © Sacred Sites
    Author: Martin Gray

    Description: Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Iran (Islamic Republic of))
    Copyright: © Sacred Sites
    Author: Martin Gray

     “The Citadel of Bam(Arg-e Bam), which was habitable and in a fairly good condition until a hundred and fifty years ago, has, according to Hudud ol-Alam and other reliable sources that have come down to us from the 10th century AD, been founded some 2,000 years back, and has been repeatedly repaired thereafter.

    Arg-e Bam sites in north-east of Bam. It bounded to north by Bam river or Poshrud river, to east byreminders of Hazrat Rasoul mosque and Baq Darvazeh gardens and to south by new established park and Hafezabad parish and to the west by Khajehmorad parish. Arg-e Bam complex includes old city and the citadel at an area about 20 hectares. The area of citadel is about 6 hectares. The citadel had been the political center of city.

    The only gateway which is used now is the south gateway. Turning from the northern end of Sajadi street to the east of Arg street, you would reach whrere that in the past there had been the moat of citadel and now there is a park with young trees and beautiful white and purple flowers of oleander bushes. This park has established by Bam municipality. The southern gateway of citadel sites in the north side of the park.

    The famous historical buildings of the world which generally belong tp a special period, such as Takht-e Jamshid of Fars located there. One of the characteristics of this historical complex is the continuation of history in them. About 2000 years has passed away over this citadel. Its founder is Bahman the son of Esfandyar. Since archeological researches have done about Arg-e Bam so there is not correct information about the date of its establishing. One of the studies about Arg-e Bam has been done by Mr Nurbakhsh and his colleagues which is published before Islamic Revolution in a book under the title of “Arg-e Bam”. According to him the building of citadel and the ancient city of Bam belong to the middle period of Ashkanis.

    Arg-e Bam consists of:

    –         The main gateway

    –         Bazaar

    –         Tekyeh square

    –         The large mosque of Arg

    –         Mirza Na’im complex

    –         The small mosque

    –         Caravansarey

    –         Palestra (Zourkhaneh)

    –         Arg bath house

    –         Hesar-e Dovom gateway

    –         The school or monastery of Arg

    –         Stable

    –         Armory

    –         Wind mill

    –         Ruler house

    –         Chaharfasl

    –         The main well of Arg

    –         The reminders of old fence

    –         Kenari Mahale or Qolam Mahale

    –         Kat korom gateway

    –         Jail

    According geographers, the most surrounded Bam had been established to defense the city, they filled the moat with water, thus the fence around the city destroyed and the success to go into the city. This fence exposed to changes during history, but according to geographer of 4th century of Hijra, it has been existed at that time which means this fence belongs to the period before Islam. There are two another historical buildings in Bam and near Bam that their historical importance has not yet recognized well and one of them is completely unknown.

    Unfortunately This Great historical Site damaged in 2003 Bam earthquake.


    About Us

    The word Persia gives the image of a magical and mysterious land of far away and long ago, of ancient monuments and beautiful works of art – carpets, tiles, fine ceramics and miniatures. It also reminds us of legendary and tragic love stories and epic poems about great wars. And Persia is indeed a world ancient and contemporary, a bridge between heaven and earth. We want to show you around. Discover things to do on your next trip to Iran and plan a trip of your lifetime. Yes, it is that easy! This website gives you the tools to plan your trip to Iran: detailed information on destinations; inspiring ideas on what to see and do in each city; where to stay; where to eat; travel guides and let’s say everything you need so you can dream up a trip to Iran.

    Patrimonito

    This workshop is designed according to the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme in order to give young people a chance to voice their concerns and to become involved in the protection of our common cultural and natural heritage. It seeks to encourage and enable tomorrow’s decision-makers to participate in heritage conservation and to respond to the continuing threats facing our World Heritage. The idea of involving young people in World Heritage preservation and promotion came as a response to Article 27 of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention). Furthermore, Patrimonito means 'small heritage' in Spanish and the character represents a young heritage guardian. Patrimonito has been widely adopted as the international mascot of the World Heritage Education Programme.
    Date: 29th December
    Number of trainees: 7
    Duration: 3 hours

    The workshop of "Patrimonito" was held on 29th of December. Participants arrived around 10:30 and they were welcomed by hot chocolate and Persian cup cakes. After a little introduction by trainers and trainees, the process started by making two groups and letting them choose a name for their group, each group was accompanied by a mentor then each group was given some images of world heritage sites in Iran and some descriptions, each group was asked to match images and descriptions, the mentor was guiding them throughout the activity. All trainees were participating actively and trying to remember their experiences about their travels to these places. When they were done with the activity, the mentors started giving the answers and a brief explanation about each site; mentors were using trainees’ ideas and experiences to complete their tasks.

    Shortly after that, the second part started which was a presentation done by two of mentors. The aim of this presentation was to define the value of these world heritage sites and duties of each person as a "Patrimonito", and what happens if there is no "Patrimonito" and nobody cares about our tangible or intangible heritage. In this part trainees started questioning and understanding the whole concept of being a "Patrimonito", they also added their own suggestions on how to protect our heritage and by the end of this part, they were completely aware about their role as a "Patrimonito".
    Now it was a best time to have a short break, during the break trainees were introduced to some of intangible heritages as they were served by traditional food and snacks and even they way of serving was according to traditions and everyone had this opportunity to discuss about intangible heritage while enjoying some traditional food and snacks.
    When the break was done, everyone was asked to choose a heritage either tangible or intangible and they had to introduce their chosen heritage to a tourist by making a postcard using what they have learnt. They were given all of necessary tools such as color papers, color pencils, glue, scissors, images of heritage and a mentor was with them in order to help them completing the task.

    When they were done, they handed out their postcards and with the mentors they sat together and spent a few minutes asking and answering about what they have learnt. Then they were told to say their vows for protecting their heritage and caring about it, the mentor said the vow and the trainees repeated after her and they officially became a "Patrimonito".

    The last but the best part was when they were given the certificates, and they were told that since they are aware of the value of the heritage and they know how to protect it, they are chosen as "Patrimonito" and they should continue their mission by introducing the value of heritage to others. They were granted certificates and labels and the workshop of "Patrimonito" was finished by taking some memorial photos.