Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat Tabrizi (Persian: سید محمدحسین بهجت تبریزی) (1906 – September 18, 1988), mainly known by his pen name, Shahriar , was a notable Iranian poet of Azerbaijani ethnicity, who wrote in Azerbaijani and Persian
His father, Haj Mir Agha Khashknabi was a famous attorney is Tabrizand a respected man with a taste for literature. Shahriyar's mother as put by the poet in his famous piece entitled' Oh, My Mother' was also familiar with the world of poetry.
Shahryar's childhood was more or less intertwined with revolutionary moves and conflicts in his hometown Tabriz and thus along with his family, Shayriyar moved to the Khashknab village. Shahriyar started his preliminary studies by reading the famous collection of poetry of classical Iranian poet, Saadi called Golestan and a number of other old books. At the same time he became acquainted with another great Iranian Poet, Hafez.
Shayriyar was so fond of Hafez that once he said: "I owe whatever I have to Hafez." Later Shahriyar went to Tehran and continued his studies in the capital at the Darolfonoun School and then began his studies in the field of medicine. However, before graduation, he gave up medicine and in 1931started a career as a state employee in Khorasan and later in Tehran. Although, while in Tehran, a group of friends used to visit Shahriyar, he spent most of his time in solitude and believed that loneliness and isolation are prerequisites of poetry.
In 1953, Shahriyar's father passed away and 13 years later his mother breathed her last, too prompting him to leave Tehran for Tabriz forever. The first piece by Shahriyar was entitled ' Soul of the Butterfly'. Defining poetry, Shahriyar says: "The essence of a poem is its mild and at the same time touching influence which quite unconsciously leaves its imprint on the human mind. A poem should be something the poet's mind acquires from the nature and life and presents to other minds in the form of a poem."
Shahriyar was not only good at lyrics; he was also a master of odes. Shahriyar made use of almost all styles and proved unique in all of them. His poems are filled with the most delicate sentiments and he is frank in all he says. As regards his diction, Shahriyar was deeply under the influence of classical Persian poets, such as Eraqi and Saadi.
Shahriyar considered mankind's suffering as the core of his poems and believed that a true poem is one, which is inspired by both love and mysticism.Shahriyar is an emotional poet. His sincere emotions are well reflected through all the pieces he composed, particularly in his lyrics.