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    Persepolis

    / 550–330 BC
    Marvdasht - Persepolis

    Overview:

    • Price: 5 $
    • Best Time to Visit: Early Morning
    • Working Hours: 8-17:30
    • Plan Your Visit: half day

    Persepolis or Takht-e Jamshid (The Throne of Jamshid) was one of the ancient cities of Iran and was the ceremonial capital of the kingdom during the Achaemenid Empire. It is located in the plain of Marvdasht, about 75 km northwest of Shiraz in Fars Province, Iran.One of the best-known sites of the ancient world, Persepolis was registered by the UNESCO as a World Cultural Heritage in 1979.

    The word Persepolis a compound of Pérsēs and pólis, which means meaning "the Persian city" or "the City of the Persians" in Greek.

    The name “Takht-e-Jamshid” is derived from the old belief of that the monuments were built by Jamshid, an Iranian mythological figure.

    The founder of this huge complex was Darius the Great one of Cyrus's successors, in about 518 BC and was completed over a period of 150 years by subsequent kings Xerxes I and Artaxerxes.

    There is a wide-ranging debate on the function of Persepolis. Many scholars believe Achaemenids have built it to be used as the center for ritual ceremonies, especially Nowruz (the Persian new year and the traditional Iranian festival, which starts at the exact astronomical start of the spring). Some scholars, on the other hand, see the site as a manifestation of royal power or a political, economic, and administrative center of the empire.

    The buildings at Persepolis include three general groupings: military quarters, the treasury, and the reception halls and occasional houses for the King. Noted structures include the Great Stairway, the Gate of All Nations, the Apadana, the Hall of a Hundred Columns, the Tripylon Hall and the Tachara, the Hadish Palace, the Palace of Artaxerxes III, the Imperial Treasury, the Royal Stables, and the Chariot House.

    The entire complex was built on a lofty terrace. Gray limestone was the main building material used at Persepolis. The terrace of Persepolis, is accessible by a double stairway. There are 106 steps about 23 ft (7 m) wide. At the top of the stairs the first thing that can be seen is Xerxes Gateway with three separate doors and a hallway. The remaining doors are covered with inscriptions and carvings in ancient languages. To the east the double headed eagles can be seen.

    The architectural design of all palaces consists of a square central hall surrounded by several regular rows of columns and covered by a flat roof. This simple design was extended by one or more terraces adjoining the sides of the central hall. Thousands of guests could thus attend the royal banquets under a single roof.

    Persepolis was built as a merging of all different architecture from all four corners of the Empire: Egyptian, Assyria, Iranian, and Babylon; it was made from a variety of materials and artists that came from all different cities to work on it. There are processions of people and animal statues and carvings all over the ruined buildings, showing all the different nationalities of people , from the Egyptians to Arabs to Indians; all of who made up the great Persian Empire. Persepolis was one of the greatest examples of the merging of cultures shown in its architecture.

    Persians planned and directed the construction of this magnificent palace complex. The best artisans and artists from all the nations under the Persian Empire executed the project. This manifestation of Achaemenid architecture was being extended and maintained until 330 BCE, when Alexander of Macedonia brought its glory to an end by looting and burning it.

    By setting Persepolis on fire, Alexander destroyed numerous books and a great part of Achaemenid art and culture. He plundered all gold, silver, and riches of the Persepolis treasury. It was the biggest treasury of Achaemenids.

     

    Notes & Recommendations:

    Using a guide is recommended .Be prepared to walk a lot and climb steps .Taking a hat and sunscreen can be usfull because there is hardly any shade and don't forget a bottle of water.

    Contacts:

    • Tell : +98 933 662 8237

    About Us

    The word Persia gives the image of a magical and mysterious land of far away and long ago, of ancient monuments and beautiful works of art – carpets, tiles, fine ceramics and miniatures. It also reminds us of legendary and tragic love stories and epic poems about great wars. And Persia is indeed a world ancient and contemporary, a bridge between heaven and earth. We want to show you around. Discover things to do on your next trip to Iran and plan a trip of your lifetime. Yes, it is that easy! This website gives you the tools to plan your trip to Iran: detailed information on destinations; inspiring ideas on what to see and do in each city; where to stay; where to eat; travel guides and let’s say everything you need so you can dream up a trip to Iran.

    Patrimonito

    This workshop is designed according to the UNESCO World Heritage Education Programme in order to give young people a chance to voice their concerns and to become involved in the protection of our common cultural and natural heritage. It seeks to encourage and enable tomorrow’s decision-makers to participate in heritage conservation and to respond to the continuing threats facing our World Heritage. The idea of involving young people in World Heritage preservation and promotion came as a response to Article 27 of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (World Heritage Convention). Furthermore, Patrimonito means 'small heritage' in Spanish and the character represents a young heritage guardian. Patrimonito has been widely adopted as the international mascot of the World Heritage Education Programme.
    Date: 29th December
    Number of trainees: 7
    Duration: 3 hours

    The workshop of "Patrimonito" was held on 29th of December. Participants arrived around 10:30 and they were welcomed by hot chocolate and Persian cup cakes. After a little introduction by trainers and trainees, the process started by making two groups and letting them choose a name for their group, each group was accompanied by a mentor then each group was given some images of world heritage sites in Iran and some descriptions, each group was asked to match images and descriptions, the mentor was guiding them throughout the activity. All trainees were participating actively and trying to remember their experiences about their travels to these places. When they were done with the activity, the mentors started giving the answers and a brief explanation about each site; mentors were using trainees’ ideas and experiences to complete their tasks.

    Shortly after that, the second part started which was a presentation done by two of mentors. The aim of this presentation was to define the value of these world heritage sites and duties of each person as a "Patrimonito", and what happens if there is no "Patrimonito" and nobody cares about our tangible or intangible heritage. In this part trainees started questioning and understanding the whole concept of being a "Patrimonito", they also added their own suggestions on how to protect our heritage and by the end of this part, they were completely aware about their role as a "Patrimonito".
    Now it was a best time to have a short break, during the break trainees were introduced to some of intangible heritages as they were served by traditional food and snacks and even they way of serving was according to traditions and everyone had this opportunity to discuss about intangible heritage while enjoying some traditional food and snacks.
    When the break was done, everyone was asked to choose a heritage either tangible or intangible and they had to introduce their chosen heritage to a tourist by making a postcard using what they have learnt. They were given all of necessary tools such as color papers, color pencils, glue, scissors, images of heritage and a mentor was with them in order to help them completing the task.

    When they were done, they handed out their postcards and with the mentors they sat together and spent a few minutes asking and answering about what they have learnt. Then they were told to say their vows for protecting their heritage and caring about it, the mentor said the vow and the trainees repeated after her and they officially became a "Patrimonito".

    The last but the best part was when they were given the certificates, and they were told that since they are aware of the value of the heritage and they know how to protect it, they are chosen as "Patrimonito" and they should continue their mission by introducing the value of heritage to others. They were granted certificates and labels and the workshop of "Patrimonito" was finished by taking some memorial photos.